Excerpt from Book of Trades, Algrove Publishing Classic
Reprint Series, 1999. (Originally published in 1866.)
Cabinet Maker and Upholsterer
trades of the Carpenter and Joiner having been considered, we
may now turn to that of the Cabinet Maker, who, though he makes
the furniture of the house, and seldom has anything to do with
building or fitting the house itself, uses many of the same
tools as the joiner.
As the Cabinet Maker mostly works in more costly woods, and
the operations of his trade have to be performed with greater
nicety, his implements are generally of rather a better sort;
while he has to fashion the articles in which he deals in so
many different shapes that some of his tools, such as planes
and gouges, are constructed especially for him, like the panel
plane, used as its name implies in smoothing and forming the
edges of panels for wardrobes, chiffoniers, and other pieces
of furniture before they are placed in their frames, and the
veneer plane, intended for putting on veneers, or the thin slabs
of costly wood with which more common woods are frequently covered.
The smoothing plane and the rebate plane, as well as the hand
saw, the tenon saw, the gimlet, and the rule and square, have
already been mentioned in connexion with the joiner's business.
Then there are moulding planes, with their blades shaped hollow
so that they will cut a strip of wood into a rounded form, or
shaped round so as to cut a hollow groove.