Lee Valley Tools    Woodworking Newsletter
   Vol. 6, Issue 6
   July 2012
 
   Featured Patents
 

The Windsor Beader

Windsor beader

From earliest times, there has been a desire to embellish or adorn items with distinctive marks. In clay, one used a stick and impressed a design or shape into the soft material before firing or drying. In stone, repetitive abrasion or even striking with a harder stone gave a decorative form or shape. In wood, a piece of flint or a hot stone was employed to create an effect. With the advent of metal, a nail or shard of metal embedded in a stick could be used to produce a distinctive shape in a piece of wood. Often called a scratch stock, this tool is one of the most versatile hand tools in the woodworking world. The compositions it produces are limited only to each maker's inventiveness.

The tool shown here is called a Windsor beader and it is one of four variations produced over a number of years. It is common to call an item by the inventor's name, but in this case, and in the cases of the three other types, the name Windsor is derived from the location where the tool was first manufactured and where the inventors resided, namely Windsor, Vermont. It should be noted that for a short period of time, two manufacturers made different versions of the beader concurrently, not resembling each other. These versions were divided into two camps: types 1 and 2, and types 3 and 4. It appears that the name Windsor beader applied only to types 1 and 2; however, tool collectors have classed all the variations as Windsor beaders for ease of identification.
 
 
               
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