Excerpt from Book of Trades, Algrove Publishing Classic
Reprint Series, 1999. (Originally published in 1866.).
The Joiner, as his name implies, frames and joins together the
wooden finishings and decorations of buildings, such as floors,
staircases, skirtings, door and window frames, sashes, or, the
sliding parts of windows that contain the glass, shutters, doors,
chimney-pieces, &c. This work requires much greater nicety
and finish than that of the Carpenter, and is brought to a smooth
surface with the plane wherever it is likely to be seen, while
the carpenter's work is left rough as it comes from the saw.
The principal cutting tools used by the Joiner are, saws, planes,
The saws are of various sizes, and are called rippers, half
rippers, hand saws, and panel saws, according to their shape,
and the number of teeth to each inch.