Lee Valley & Veritas
Woodworking Newsletter
 
  Volume 8, Issue 2 - November 2013    
 
Interesting Read
Excerpt from Short Cuts in Carpentry by Albert Fair, 1909. (Republished by Algrove Publishing Limited, 1998.)

Blind Nailing
In places where wood is to be stained and polished, as is usually the case where any of the hardwoods are used, it is not desirable to have the nail- or screw-heads to show. One method is to drill a shallow depression in the wood, and, after the screw or nail is driven in, to glue a circular piece of veneer in the depression.
 
Fig. 41
 
The favorite way, however, is to raise a "chip" or "sliver" with a chisel or gouge, then drive in the nail or screw and glue down the sliver.

In Fig. 41 the wood is raised by means of a firmer chisel. A sharp knife should be employed to draw lengthwise with the grain two deep cuts the width of the chisel, as this will prevent the sides from splitting. The chisel should be set at a steep angle at first till the proper depth is reached, and then made to turn out a cut of even thickness until there is room to drive in the nail or screw. If too sharp a curve is given, the sliver is likely to break apart in being straightened out again.

A useful aid in doing this kind of work is the chisel gauge shown in Fig. 42, the use of which insures a sliver of the proper length being made each time.

Fig. 43 shows how a sliver is raised by using a gouge. To do this nicely, a gouge about three-quarters of an inch across the face should be used, and the curve should be quick. In this case no knife cut is needed, as the corners of the gouge will cut as it progresses.
 
Fig. 42
 
The cut being made and the sliver slightly raised as shown, the screw or nail may be driven without disturbing either the sliver or cut underneath.

See that the head of either screw or nail be sunk beneath the surface of the recess, so that the sliver will fit back in its place without obstruction.

Now take properly prepared glue and, after warming the sliver and recess with a warm cloth, cover the underside of the sliver and the wood underneath. Press down the sliver in place, then rub with the face of a hammer until the glue holds. When dry the whole may be dressed off and finished. The glue must not be too thick.

Another way is to glue the sliver down and then take a flat piece of pine about an inch thick and glue over the sliver, rubbing the pine block back and forth until the glue holds.

The pine block is left on until dry, when it may be easily split off and the wood cleaned and finished.
 
 
 
 
     
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